Glossary

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A

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B

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C

CLI Cross-Linguistic Influence is the phenomenon of the rules of one language affecting the production of another. An L2 can influence an L1, or an L1 can influence an L2. CLI can make it easier or more difficult to acquire certain aspects of a language.

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D

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E

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F

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G

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H

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I

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J

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K

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L

L1 Your native Language; the language you grew up speaking. Pronounced “L-one”
L2 Languages you learn after your L1. Pronounced “L-two”.
L3 Used by linguists in studies where they are testing the influence of another foreign language on the learner’s most recently learned language. Normally any language past the native language is termed L2. Pronounced “L-three”.

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M

Markedness Language features are marked if they are less common among all languages in the world. For example, all languages have syllables that are CV (consonant-vowel), but English allows syllables that are CCCV (e.g. straight). Since fewer languages have consonant clusters, these are marked.

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N

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O

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P

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Q

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R

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S

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T

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U

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V

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W

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X

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Y

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Z

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